ケークサレの基本(no-butter,バターなしで軽め)Base cake salé, sans beurre, leger)

バターなしのミニ塩味ケーキ:ケークサレ。フランス人の立食パーティやカクテルパーティ、そして、アペロの時間、シャンパンのお供に、必ずと言っていいほど出てくる定番中の定番。覚書。

私のレシピはバターや油をたくさん使う代わりに、野菜スープを使います。

<粉類>小麦粉150 g + ベーキンパウダー小さじ2  

<液体材料> 卵2個+牛乳50ml+オリーブオイル大さじ2 +野菜のブイヨン70ml+マヨネーズ大さじ1.

<具材>玉ねぎ1個とベーコン100gときのこ150gは小さく切って、フライパンで炒めておく。 その他、チーズ、ミニトマト、下ゆでしたブロッコリーや、野菜ミックス、コーン、オリーブなど。

1)ボールに粉類を大きなボールに入れてよくと混ぜて真ん中に井戸を作る。
2)
液体材料を別のボールでよく混ぜておく。 
3)粉の井戸に2)の混ぜた液体を入れてざっくり混ぜる。
4)炒めた具材を入れ混ぜ、カップケーキの型に入れる。飾りで
チェリートマト、オリーブ、チーズなどをのせて180度20〜25分焼く。

ーーーー

Here is my recipe. Instead of using a lot of butter and oil, I use vegetable broth. Also, If you add tapenade or feta cheese, like I did last time, please reduce the amount of salt. ( The last time, it was a little bit too salty for me..)

Salted cake base and different fillings

150 g of flour
1/2 sachet of yeast

<liquid preparation>
*2 eggs
* 5 cl of milk
* 2 tablespoons of olive oil
* 7 cl of vegetable broth
* 1 tablespoon of mayonnaise (to add lightness)

Salt
Pepper

1 onion, cut and seared
100 g bacon, cut and pan-fried
optional:
150g mushrooms, cut and fried
cheese, cherry tomatoes, broccoli (cut and cooked), olive, etc.

Preheat the oven to 180 ° C (th.6).

1) Pour the flour into a salad bowl and mix with the yeast.

2) Make a well in the center then incorporate all the liquid preparation (cf ingredients)

3) Add the bacon and onions, and other ingredients to your choice, to the dough

4) Pour the preparation into small individual molds. And finish by adding the cherry tomatoes (or olive, cheese or other ingredient) and bake for 20 to 25 min.

4) Check the cooking with the tip of a knife: it must come out dry. Serve warm or cold.

ーーーー

Voici ma recette. Au lieu d’utiliser beaucoup de beurre et d’huile, j’utilise un bouillon de légumes. En outre, si vous ajoutez de la tapenade ou du fromage feta, comme je l’ai fait la dernière fois, veuillez réduire la quantité de sel. (La dernière fois, c’était un peu trop salé pour moi ..)

 

Base cake salé

20-24 petits moules individuels.

ou un moule à cake.

 

150 g de farine
1/2 sachet de levure

<preparation liquide>
*2 oeufs
*5 cl de lait
*2 cuillères à soupe d’huile d’olive
*7 cl de bouillon de legume
*1 cuillère à soupe de mayonnaise (pour rajouter de la légèrete)

Sel
Poivre

1 oignon, découpé et poêlé
100 g de lardons, découpés et poêlés
facultatif :
150g de champignons, découpés et poêlés
du fromage, des tomates cerises, du broccoli (decoupe et cuit), olive, etc.

Préchauffez le four à 180°C (th.6).

1) Versez la farine dans un saladier et mélangez avec la levure.

2) Faites un puit au centre puis incorporez tous la preparation liquide (cf ingredients)

3) Ajoutez les lardons et les onions, et autres ingredients au choix, à la pâte

4) Versez la préparation dans des petits moules individuels préalablement beurrés . Et finissez en ajoutant les tomates ceries (ou olive, fromage ou autre ingredient) et enfournez pour 20 à 25 min.

4) Vérifiez la cuisson avec la pointe d’un couteau : elle doit ressortir sèche. Servez tiède ou froid.


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5 types of Pie Pastry -quiche

5種類のキッシュやパイ生地の違い

パイ生地種類のまとめ  for  Perfect & Foolproof Quiche

5 types of pie pasty

  • Short crust pastry (pâte brisée) no sugar, perfect for savory dishes. It is the simplest and most common pastry. It is made with flour, fat, butter, salt, and water to bind the dough. This is used mainly in tarts. It is also the pastry that is used most often in making a quiche. (as in crumbly; hence the term shortcrust), tender pastry.
  • Sweet crust pastry (pâte sucrée,) in which sugar and egg yolks have been added (rather than water) to bind the short crust pastry
  • Sable pastry (pâte sablée) This crust is known as a sweet cookie crust or a shortbread crust. Itis similar of Sweet crust pastry pâte sucrée. But to make a pâte sablée, wet ingredients are creamed together before adding the dry ingredients. Therefore, the texture become sable cookies, “ sandy”,
  • Flaky pastry is a for Americans recipes, (not in French recipe), it expands when cooked due to the number of layers. It bakes into a crisp, buttery pastry.
  • Puff pastry(pâte feuilletée) .Regarded as the ultimate professional pastry, this type is time-consuming but worth making. It is used for savoury pie crusts and as wrapping for meat and poultry, as well as vol-au-vents, cream horns and mille feuilles. Puff pastries come out of the oven light, flaky, and tender.

参照: Wiki Shortcrust pastry, sweetcrust pastry, (Pate Sucree)

pâte sucrée (difference from Pate sucree) par le fait que le beurre est incorporé à la préparation par sablage et non par crémage, c’est-à-dire qu’il est mélangé à froid avec la farine et le sucre. Le beurre entoure ainsi chaque grain de farine et de sucre, ce qui fait qu’après la cuisson les grains ne sont pas totalement solidaires, ce qui donne la texture sablée.Les œufs sont ajoutés avant incorporation de la farine.  Flaky pastry

Puff pastry pâte feuilletée
Choux pastry 
Phyllo (Filo)
Hot water crust pastry

Shortcrust Pastry

This is probably the most versatile type of pastry as it can be used for savoury and sweet pies, tarts and flans. There are several different ways of making shortcrust pastry. (See ‘How to Make Perfect Shortcrust Pastry.’)

Puff Pastry

This is one of the ‘flaked pastries’ characterised by fat and air being trapped between the layers of the pastry dough to give a flimsy, light and crisp finish.

Regarded as the ultimate professional pastry, this type is time-consuming but worth making. It is used for savoury pie crusts and as wrapping for meat and poultry, as well as vol-au-vents, cream horns and mille feuilles (small iced cakes that are filled with jam and cream.)

Flaky Pastry

Used as a crust for savoury pies, sausage rolls, Eccles cakes and jam puffs, flaky pastry is best made in cool conditions and must be chilled during and after making, to prevent the fat content from melting out under cooking conditions.

Rough Puff Pastry

This type is a cross between puff and flaky pastry. It is also good for sausage rolls, savoury pie crusts and tarts and has the advantage of being easier to make than puff pastry, but is as light as flaky pastry.

All three of these flaked pastries need similar care.

  • Handle as little and as lightly as possible
  • Fat and dough content should be of the same consistency and temperature
  • Roll pastry evenly without stretching it or forcing out air
  • Brush with beaten egg glaze before baking

 

Flaky pastry, also known as blitz pastry or rough puff, is a light and flaky unleavened pastry that is similar to, but distinct from, puff pastry. Flaky pastry relies on large lumps of shortening (approximately 1 in or 2.5 cm across) mixed into the dough, as opposed to the large rectangle of shortening in puff pastry.

Choux Pastry

This incredibly light speciality pastry is used in the making of éclairs, profiteroles and cream buns. Air lifts the pastry during cooking to treble in size…all those cream-filled delights.

Filo Pastry

This type of pastry (along with finely shredded kadafi pastry, also from the Mediterranean) is made in very thin sheets and used as a casing for numerous delicate savoury and sweet dishes. Made with high gluten content flour, filo is very difficult to make and needs careful handling because it is such a thin, fragile pastry that dries out quickly. Some people prefer to buy readymade filo pastry, but even that is not easy to use. It must be brushed with oil or melted butter/ghee before shaping and cooking. Samosas are deep-fried with spicy fillings, wrapped in filo pastry, and prawns in filo pastry make popular savoury nibbles. This type is similar to strudel pastry.

Suet Crust Pastry

A traditional, British, pastry used for steamed or boiled puddings, dumplings and roly-poly puddings. Steak and kidney pudding is famously made with suet crust pastry as is spotted dick and treacle pudding.

Made with self-raising flour, shredded suet and for some lighter recipes, fresh white breadcrumbs, suet crust pastry should have a light spongy texture-it is very filling though!

Hot Water Crust Pastry

Moulded by hand while warm and used for raised meat and game pies (like the famous Melton Mowbray Pork Pies) hot water crust pastry is a rich and crisp speciality. Plain flour, salt, egg yolk and lard boiled up with water are the ingredients which, once mixed, kneaded, shaped and rested, can be used to line a hinged tin pie mould, or moulded over a large floured jam jar. Once set, the dough is filled, covered, sealed and decorated before being baked.

Pate Sucree Pastry

As the name suggests, this pastry is French. It is a sweet pastry that incorporates sugar and egg yolks for a rich, sweet result. Usually baked blind, it gives a thin, crisp pastry that melts in the mouth.

These are a few of the basic pastry types. Making pastry is not difficult and with attention to a few important details like:

  • correct fat to flour ratio-roughly half as much fat to flour
  • add water carefully and slowly, preferably from the fridge
  • handle pastry as little as possible
  • avoid over-flouring the rolling pin and board
  • always preheat the oven to the recommended temperature

you will be making pies, puddings and parcels with confidence.

Reference:

http://www.learncooking.co.uk/types-pastry.html

How To Make a Foolproof Quiche

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